With the increase in incidence of diabetes and increase in life expectancy, the risk of retinal disorders such as diabetic retinopathy and age related macular degeneration has gone up. We continuously make efforts to create awareness in patients suffering from diseases such as diabetes, heart conditions, high blood pressure, etc. who are more susceptible to be affected by retinal disorders. In some cases, the damage caused to the eye is irreversible. Therefore, we also conduct regular family screening clinics, diabetes screening clinics etc. so that we can identify retina disorders before they grow to a vision threatening stage.
The patient’s eye is dilated and examined using advanced diagnostic technologies such as OCT, angiography, fundus photography, retinal imaging and ultra sound. A photographic documentation of the retina helps to keep a track of the improvement in the eye.
LASER INDIRECT OPHTHALMOSCOPY (LIO)
This procedure involves using laser through binocular indirect ophthalmoscope for retinal photocoagulation. It is often used for patients with diabetic retinopathy, venous occlusions, peripheral retinal holes and lattice degenerations.
Drugs such as Lucentis, Avastin, Ozurdex and others are injected in the eye to prevent further loss of vision after the pupil is dilated and numbed with anesthesia. These can often help in halting progression or reversing the disease pathology in diabetic retinopathy, vein occlusions or age related macular degeneration.
Glaucoma Family Clinic at Vision Eye Hospital
Glaucoma is often an inherited disorder and adverse effects on vision can be prevented by screening and detecting individuals at higher risk. If one of your family members has glaucoma, you need to get yourself screened by a glaucoma expert.
VITREO RETINAL SURGERY: MINIMALLY INVASIVE VITRECTOMY SURGERY (MIVS)
Vitrectomy is done to repair or prevent retinal detachment, especially when it threatens to affect the macula. We have the most advanced vitrectomy machine and the expertise to deal with complex retinal problems.
A small amount of yellow fluorescein dye is injected which travels to the eye, where it highlights the blood vessels. It is particularly useful in showing leaking blood vessels and highlighting where the blood supply at the back of the eye is poor. After this, photographs of the eye are taken.
RETINAL ULTRASTRUCTURE EXAMINATION (HIGH DEFINITION, SPECTRAL DOMAIN OCT)
This examination allows the doctor to understand the problems of patient’s retina, which might often not be identified using other optical techniques.
ULTRASOUND EXAMINATION OF RETINA
While optical techniques can reveal much about the structure of the retina, ultrasound allows imaging of the choroid and deeper tissues.
OUR SKILLS & TALENTS
The team of doctors is skilled to treat all the retinal disorders from retinal detachment to diabetic retinopathies. They are keen researchers and have published papers in many leading national and international ophthalmic journals.
What is the retina?
The retina is the light-sensitive tissue lining the back of our eye. Light rays are focused onto the retina through our cornea, pupil and lens. The retina converts the light rays into impulses that travel through the optic nerve to our brain, where they are interpreted as the images we see.
What is a retinal detachment?
Retinal detachment occurs when the retina separates from the outer layers of the eye. If not treated early, retinal detachment may lead to partial or complete loss of vision. Retinal detachment usually occurs after tears develop in the retina (Fluid passes through these openings and separates the retina from the other layers of the eye.
What is diabetic retinopathy?
The most common cause of vision loss in diabetes is diabetic retinopathy. Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease caused by increasing levels of sugar in the blood. In the long-term, this condition mainly affects kidneys, the nerves in the limbs and the eyes. Diabetes, particularly in the nerve tissue of the eye (retina), affects the capillary cells and impairs their functioning, causing vision loss. Retinal damage due to diabetes is called diabetic retinopathy.
People with diabetes, whether young or older, should have their eyes checked for early detection of diabetic retinopathy. In diabetes, even when the retina is normal, an eye examination is recommended annually. Once retinopathy developed, the patient should be kept under observation for 3-4 months, during which time treatment should be applied to decrease blood sugar level.
What is macular degeneration?
Age-related macular damage, called macular degeneration, is retinal damage occurring in the center of vision. It is an eye disease quite common in the over 55 years’ old population and can lead to blindness.Vision gradually decreases over time and the center of the field of vision becomes dark as a black spot. Although a complete blindness does not occur around the black spot, the condition is adversely affecting the patient’s life. Because in the past there were no therapies were available, and as a result of the developments in the medical world over the years, since 2000 this disease has at first been treated by photodynamic therapy and later by intravitreal injection of anti -VEGF (vascular growth factor inhibitor).
What is Vascular Occlusions?
Retinal vascular occlusion affects the eye, specifically the retina. An occlusion occurs when one of the veins or arteries carrying blood to or from the retina becomes blocked or contains a blood clot. The blockage could occur in the main vein or main artery. Blockages could also occur in the branch of veins and arteries throughout the retina.
A blockage in the vein or artery of the retina can cause blood or other fluids to build up and inhibit the retina’s ability to filter light properly. When light is blocked or fluids are present, sudden loss of vision can occur. The severity of vision loss may be dependent upon where the blockage or clot occurred. Blockages in the main vein or artery are often more serious than blockages in the branch veins or arteries.